How to Be an Effective and Proactive Junior Software Developer?

Junior Software Developer

How to Be an Effective and Proactive Junior Software Developer?

Knowing what a junior software developer does and how they differ from someone at a mid or higher level, it’s important to understand the seniority and the jobs you can apply for.

In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the parameters that determine a programmer’s level of expertise.

Generally speaking, we can say that years of experience, language proficiency, and number of projects completed are some of the things that determine seniority.

Join us to learn more about the duties and responsibilities of a junior software developer, their characteristics, and the differences between junior and senior software developers.

What Does a Junior Software Developer Do?

A junior software developer is an entry level developer tasked with helping the team with all coding and website design tasks.

In other words, they work under the supervision of senior web developers and help with coding, testing, customization, and review of projects.

Junior Software Developer
Junior Software Developer

Essentially, the responsibilities of a junior software developer include learning and developing the code base, fixing potential bugs, and collecting user data.

In addition, you must meet the specific requirements of advanced web programmers who provide support for all things related to web development.

In short, junior web developers provide ongoing support to the team while continually improving their technical skills.

Senior, Semi-Senior, and Junior Software Developer

As we mentioned earlier, there are parameters that distinguish a junior software developer from senior web developers, including middle and senior profiles.

Junior, Semi-Senior and Senior are words that refer to the professional programmer category. In general, the categories are determined by empirical parameters, but in this field of focus this is very relative.

The digital world moves so fast that the expertise of a professional programmer can become outdated in an instant.

Therefore, these programming categories are not comparable with other professional fields.

Junior Software Developer

Junior programmers are generally considered to be those who:

– Professional Experience: 0-3 years of actual project experience (does not count unrelated work or projects developed as training assignments during school).

– Technical knowledge: usually requires the accompaniment or supervision of higher ranked programmers. This knowledge includes tools, programming languages, architecture, etc. Juniors have more margin for error.

– Fundamental knowledge: knowledge related to processes, methods, standards, etc. It also requires supervision of these tasks, since each company has its own processes or standards.

– Initiative: When starting a new job, we all need guidance to define the project and its development. When a subordinate completes a task, he doesn’t know how to proactively move on to another task without consulting his supervisor. There is no doubt that budding web developers need guidance when starting a new job. In other words, the boss will be the one who assigns the tasks to be carried out, so the initiative is not so desirable in this profile (although it is valuable).


Semi Senior is a mid-level professional category whose characteristics can be defined as follows:

– Professional experience: from 3 to 6 years.

– Technical knowledge: enough to work without supervision. This aspect is one of the main differences between junior and senior web programmers. The latter can usually determine the most suitable tool for each project according to the client’s needs without much trouble.

– Basic Knowledge: Autonomous management of company processes. They say practice makes perfect. So it’s understandable that senior programmers are much more knowledgeable people.

A junior software developer should invest time in the early years to gain experience and new knowledge. Plus, learn circuit design elements, architecture, automated testing, algorithms, and more.

– Initiative: Knowing how to use your time effectively without constant supervision. Oftentimes, junior and semi-career web developers are given relatively simple, low-impact tasks for projects instead of developing solutions.


The highest professional category of a programmer is advanced, but as we have already indicated, it is very relative and varies from case to case. It is widely believed that programmers never stop being young: even experienced programmers need further education. However, in general, a senior programmer has the following characteristics:

– Professional experience: more than 6 years of professional experience.

– Technical Knowledge: He is a well-informed professional who is usually infallible.

– Fundamental knowledge: Fully understands the processes and standards, adhere to them, and help others learn.

– Proactive: Find and create your tasks without commands. They don’t need supervision. Always respects the date. Works well under pressure and is confident in new challenges. Participate in high-level decision-making.

What Is the Job of a Junior Software Developer Like?

As we said, the job of a junior web developer involves supervised tasks. This is common in companies and that’s why the team is willing to work this way and help newer programmers coming on board.

Of course, programmers also need to have enough autonomy to perform their tasks without being 100% dependent on others. In other words, being independent means being able to do things well by yourself, but always respecting the senior programmers and following their suggestions and requests.

In this regard, senior programmers need to understand that they are role models for beginners to start their technical careers.

So what are the main responsibilities of a junior web developer? Depending on the structure of the company, collaborating with senior and superior programmers in tasks related to web programming.

  • Participating in as many business development meetings and product teams as possible.
  • Learning basic code.
  • Responding to requests from the development team.
  • Reading analytics and user reviews to apply improvements to the site.
  • Monitoring website performance.
  • Fixing bugs, updates and improvements to the application.
  • Writing website code using different programming languages.
  • Collaborating with the UX team.
  • Learning and updating themselves in this field.

What Do Companies Look for In a Junior Programmer?

It is important to note that not all companies are looking for the same programmer skills. Therefore, the requirements may vary from person to person.

Most importantly, this professional profile has a diverse background in programming and some experience with basic programming languages and frameworks.

It is important that junior web developers not only have technical knowledge, but also the skills to perform tasks efficiently. For web programmers, for example, teamwork is essential.

The job definitely means supervision and camaraderie. Companies understand this, so teams are often willing to help out these new team members. But the more independent young people are, the better for their future in the company. Pursuing this level of independence doesn’t mean being a lone wolf or a sharpshooter, and if you go down that path, you’re probably shooting yourself in the foot. What does it mean? Independence is knowing how to do the right thing for oneself, but respecting the supervisors, reporting mistakes, listening, asking questions, etc., is key for a newbie.

Remember that senior programmers (which is ultimately your goal) need to acquire and demonstrate other qualities and values, such as leadership, which is only achieved by admitting mistakes and learning from those who know better than us.

How To Train Yourself to Be an Effective Programmer?

The first step in a junior programmer’s career is to study and learn. Plan each step of your study plan and adjust it until you are ready to move on to your action plan.

There is no question that you should choose an exercise program that fits into your time and commitments and that you can give it the attention it deserves.

Everything is possible with self-learning and adequate training. Plan each step and plan again. In other words, develop an action plan based on your current situation, review it, and adjust it.

Training should be the most important part of your program, and you should certainly choose a training program that suits your needs and gives you the theoretical knowledge and practical skills you’ll need for your first programming job.

Other tips you can follow include:

– Take a good programming course.

– Be excited by challenges and fascinated by big problems.

 – Share your work to get feedback on your learning.

– Recognize other people’s talents and learn from them.

– Attend events and interact with people to network.

– Seek jobs at companies you love.

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